Fact Table

Usually the primary table that contains measurements (mostly numeric data like grade, wages, etc.). Also see dimension table. Imagine looking at a spreadsheet. The row and column names would be the dimensions and the numeric data within would be the facts.

Fact Less Facts

A fact table that captures the existence of business events that do not have an associated quantitative measurement. The relationship between the associated measures is important.

Fact Group

Part of a business dimensional model that outlines a collection of individual facts that have identical dimensionality and level of detail or grain.


The mechanism for balancing business constraints with technology constraints to produce a cost-effective solution.


Response, including corrections, additions, and approval, elicited from users, stakeholders, sponsors, and others, to any deliverable or deliverable component.

Feedback Session

A meeting organized to present work in progress in order to gain feedback.


A means of implementing an item of data within a file. It can be in character, date, number, or other format and be optional or mandatory.

File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

The physical movement of data files between applications, often across sites.

Focus Area

1. A group of associated activities that define and establish program level deliverables, i.e. standards, configuration, and processes. These deliverables are used by multiple projects creating commonality and reusability across the program.

2. A team of individuals working within the Program Office framework for a common family of processes. These focus areas could also be referred to as Program Office Projects.

3. A scoped area of the client organization with common responsibilities and information requirements. The focus area provides the scope for incremental development efforts and may be referred to as the INCREMENT . The focus area can overlap business functions or may reside in a specific business function.

Focus Group

A small group selected to provide opinions and responses to topics or issues presented in a group setting; an assessment technique.

Fine Tuning

The application of software and procedures for performance improvements of a computing system. Basically, it is to make complex things simpler for better usability and results.


A system placed between the internet and an internal subnet (with in the organization) to prevent unauthorized users/hackers/outsiders from accessing internal data.

Foreign Key

One or more columns in a relational database table that implement a manyto-one relationship that the table in question has with another table or with itself.


The type of data that an attribute or column may represent; for example, character, date, number, sound, or image.

Forward Engineering

The process o f transforming a logical data model into a physical schema of a target database. CASE tools used for data modeling have facilities for forward engineering.


Fourth Gen language. High level, non-procedural language for data manipulation, generally used with relational databases.